Challenging Heights is pleased to note that Ghana has maintained, against all odds, Tier 2 Watch List standing on the Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report from the US State Department.
This is an unexpected amnesty which might have been as a result of the recent emergency effort to draft a National Plan of Action to Fight Human Trafficking.
Ghana has been on the Tier 2 Watch List for two consecutive years, and the law that established the annual TIP Report mandates that any country ranked on the Tier 2 Watch List for two consecutive years must be downgraded to Tier 3 in the third year, unless it shows sufficient progress to warrant a Tier 2 or Tier 1 ranking. However, because of the work on the National Plan of Action, Ghana was granted a waiver and remains on the Tier 2 Watch List.
Having narrowly escaped a downgrade to Tier 3, we owe it to ourselves to take the necessary actions, in the coming months, to return the country to Tier 2.
We will have to admit that at the moment, Ghana’s government does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking in persons and is not making significant efforts to do so.
To achieve significant effort, Challenging Heights is calling on government of Ghana to invest a minimum of 20 million GHS each year towards addressing the issue of human trafficking.
Either we invest 20 million GHS per year to save victims of trafficking in Ghana, or we fail to invest anything, and we will face the withdrawal of over $600 million in aid and other benefits as a result of a downgrade.
All the systems and structures put in place to fight against human trafficking have failed to deliver on their mandates. The Human Trafficking Secretariat has been starved of resources for several years. The Human Trafficking Fund has not been resourced for several years, making the Human Trafficking Board a mere workshop group.
The Child Labour unit of the Ministry of Employment is engaged in a turf war with the Human Trafficking Secretariat of the Ministry of Gender.
Challenging Heights is therefore calling on the government to merge the two units, the Child Labour Unit of the Ministry of Employment, and the Human Trafficking Secretariat of the Ministry of Gender, into a commission to be known as Ghana Human Trafficking Commission (GHTC), chaired by the President himself, with the same status as the Ghana AIDS Commission (GAC), and under the direct supervision of the president.
The GHTC will have a stronger mandate, and it will ensure a more effective, coordinated and efficient fight against all forms of child labour and human trafficking in Ghana. This will also avoid the current unnecessary turf wars between the Ministry of Gender, and the Ministry of Employment.
Challenging Heights will continue to support government efforts, as we deliver our own five years strategic plan, which is aimed at seeing an end to child trafficking in the next five years.
In the last 12 years, Challenging Heights has rescued and rehabilitated over 1,600 children from slavery on Lake Volta.
Human Trafficking is a $150 billion business worldwide. That is why it has become a global threat, and various governments across the world, including big corporations, faith groups, and the UN System, are all rallying resources to protect victims, and to punish offenders.